Knapp’s Center owners George and Louis Eyde plan retail space on the first floor, office space for the middle three floors and 19 residential rental units on the fifth floor, with 40 spaces of underground parking.
The Eydes will move their East Lansing development company into the finished building, which will also house a small business incubator run by the Lansing Economic Development Co. Those two entities will occupy about 15 percent of the building’s 190,000 square feet, Bob Johnson, director of the Lansing Planning and Neighborhood Development Department, said.
“This is one for the history books,” Lansing Mayor Virg Bernero said. “I’m grateful that the Eydes had the vision and the commitment for it.”
A complex package of federal, state and local loans, grants and tax credits will finance the project, which is estimated to cost upwards of $20 million. Mark Clouse, spokesman for the Eydes, said the Eydes would put $9.2 million into the project, up front and through loan obligations. Work on the building is expected to begin in spring 2011, with doors opening in 2013.
“Next to the state Capitol and the Ottawa Power Station, the Knapp’s Center is probably the city’s most iconic, significant building,” Bernero said at Tuesday’s announcement.
The yellow and blue Streamline Moderne structure housed Lansing’s leading department store from 1937 until the store closed on an unlucky Oct. 13, 1980. It was used for office space until 2002.
Bernero said the project would return Knapp’s to its bygone status as a symbol of thriving downtown commerce.
The National Register of Historic Places lists Knapp’s as “a landmark in the progress of the modern movement in architecture in Michigan.”
Lis Knibbe, preservation expert for Ann Arbor’s Quinn Evans and head architect, sounded almost jealous.
“The coolest Art Deco building we have [in Ann Arbor] is the bus station,” Knibbe said. “We don’t have anything like the Knapp’s building.”
A bullet-sleek look, on a Queen Mary scale, is what makes Knapp’s unique. The building’s shiny skin is made of Maul Macotta, or concrete blocks faced with ceramic and metal. “Metal panel systems like the one used in Knapp’s can be seen in storefronts, gas stations and bus stations across the nation, but not in huge buildings like Knapp’s,” Knibbe said. “It’s very large for an Art Deco building.”
But Knapp’s has been idle, like a beached ocean liner, since state offices moved out in 2002.
In a phone interview Monday, an elated Bernero said the project is crucial to the city’s future “on so many levels.”
“There’s the sentimental longing to see it, the economic revitalization, and the boost to the spirit it will be for downtown,” he said. “This huge, hulking structure and beautiful Art Deco design will be preserved.”
The Knapp’s building is only a few blocks away from another crown jewel of downtown architecture, the 1939 Ottawa Power Station, now undergoing its own epic $130 million redevelopment. The same architect, Orlie Munson, designed both buildings.
Several people involved in the Knapp’s deal said the Ottawa plant’s redevelopment into the world headquarters of the Accident Fund Insurance Co. was a catalyst.
Clouse said the Ottawa project set a precedent for using public-private partnerships to save an iconic downtown structure.
“It’s being done, and done well, and demonstrated that there are no buildings that can’t be saved,” Clouse said.
As makeovers go, the Knapp’s project is less drastic than Ottawa’s leap from power station to offices, but time was a complicating factor. Although Knapp’s is structurally sound, the clock is ticking on the building because of a fatal flaw in its multicolored skin.
Used in thousands of 1950s gas stations and diners, the Maul Macotta facing was cutting edge in 1937 — perhaps too cutting edge.
didn’t have all the kinks worked out of it,” Knibbe said. At Knapp’s,
the joints between the metal panels were covered with a simple metal
reglet, or molding, that let snow and rain get into the concrete behind
Later attempts to caulk up the joints made matters worse by trapping moisture inside the walls.
are places where it’s crumbling and places where it’s still fine,”
Knibbe said. Clouse said part of one wall is so crumbly it had to be
redevelopment will use a modern rain screen system that lets water
circulate in and out of the wall. It’s not a matter of replacing a
plate here and there. Knibbe called it “a substantial rebuild of the
facing will either be concrete or an insulation-backed metal panel. The
design team may go back to ceramics or use automotive paints to
re-create the building’s vivid colors.
plan to restore the iconic skin was essential to securing $7.3 million
in federal and state historic tax credits, and lays to rest longstanding fears that the Eydes would just give up and flay the building.
Eight years ago, Knibbe did a study of the Knapp’s building for the city and state h i s t o r i c preservation offices. “Back then, [the Eydes] weren’t ready,” she said. “Now they’re clearly ready. Seeing their change of attitude was clearly key.”
“I can’t put my finger on any one thing that made the change,” Clouse said Monday. “It was a combination of factors.”
said Eyde reps have talked with the city “for years” about redeveloping
Knapp’s, but the scale of the 190,000-square-foot building made small
tenants untenable. A major capital investment and overall concept, all
or nothing, was the only way to go.
the past few years, Clouse got positive signals about the Knapp’s
building from the state’s historic commission and Lansing’s EDC.
certainly had a soft spot for Knapp’s. “When I moved here from
Massachusetts in 1974, I was buying popcorn, getting school clothes,
riding the escalators,” Johnson said. “It was the coolest building.”
Dorshimer, vice president of the Lansing EDC, said he spent many summer
days looking at the gleaming Knapp’s façade while eating lunch on
just looms over downtown,” Dorshimer said. “I’d think, ‘Jeez, we gotta
At Tuesday’s announcement, Dorshimer said he got in
trouble for going up the down escalator and vice versa on his way to
Knapp’s toy department.
he’s got a toy that takes up most of a city block. In winter 2009,
after a year of dramatic progress on the Ottawa development, Johnson
held a meeting in his office with Dorshimer, Nick Eyde and a financial
consultant from California.
the meeting, Nick Eyde, George Eyde’s son, floated the idea of getting
a Section 108 loan from the federal department of Housing and Urban
Development to push Knapp’s over the hump.
Eydes would have to pay back the $5.4 million, but the loan would be
secured by Lansing’s Community Development Block Grant funds.
As the others listened in, Johnson called Washington to ask if the project would qualify.
had some HUD official explain it to us,” Johnson said. “We talked about
the location, job creation. All these things seemed to fall into place.
It was sort of an ‘aha’ moment.”
other qualifications, Section 108 projects must have the potential to
create jobs and revitalize crucial urban areas. The Knapp’s project,
when finished, is expected to bring 200 to 300 new jobs to downtown
“After we explained the Knapp’s Center to them, they said it was an ideal candidate,” Clouse said.
$5.4 million Section 108 loan opened the door to a federal grant called
BEDI, or Brownfields Economic Development Initiative (not to be
confused with Brownfield Michigan Business Tax Credits). If the Section
108 loan meets final approval, the BEDI grant will toss another $2
million into the pot.
go hand in hand,” Clouse said. Johnson said the $2 million BEDI will be
put in reserve to help secure the Section 108 loan, lessening the risk
to Lansing’s Community Development Block Grant.
financial incentives also includes $7.3 million in state and federal
historic tax credits, $4.8 million in federal “new market” tax credits,
$1.8 million in Brownfield Michigan business tax credits, and a
Renaissance Zone designation, under which state and local property
taxes are waived for 12 years, then phased back in over the remaining
Clouse said the federal and state credits can be sold to build up the capital needed to get the project underway.
Two tenants are already
in place: the Eyde headquarters and a 10,000-square-foot small-business
incubator run by the Lansing Economic Development Co., similar to the
Technology and Innovation center in East Lansing.
Dorshimer said the
incubator would take on businesses with a potential for growth, without
regard to type. He said the space will lend itself to retail, high-tech
startups and even galleries.
“It’s an ideal building,” he said. “It really inspires people.”
that there is already vacant commercial space in downtown Lansing, but
said the office space at Knapp’s would be “Class A” (state-of-the-art
design, high-quality materials, prime location), and hence more in
A spokesman for the project said the Eydes are talking to potential restaurant tenants.
“This space just screams ‘restaurant,’” Knibbe said at Tuesday’s announcement, gesturing toward the building’s airy northeast corner.
In contrast to the epidermal issues, Knibbe called the building’s interior “quite clean.”
“It’s a very good canvas for doing new things to,” Knibbe said.
Although layers of
prismatic glass bricks funnel light into the building, much like
lighthouse mirrors, Knibbe said the building is still “internally
To lighten and brighten
the interior, the renovation will feature a four-story glass atrium
from the second through the top floor, with a skylight.
Knibbe said the project will aim for a LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) silver certification.
“It’s going to be an
energy efficient, healthy building to work in,” Knibbe said. “It will
be this state of the art office building within a historic envelope.”
At Tuesday’s announcement, Bernero praised the finance and design team.
“This could have gone otherwise,” he said. “We could have lost the building.”
[demolition] was one of the options we looked at,” Clouse said. “But we
all had an appreciation for the building, and the government has made
it feasible for us to do this.”
Knibbe said the state
and federal historic preservation tax credits did their job. “If you
use those fundings, you have to go historic,” she said. “You can’t
change the façade.”
Bernero said the Eydes’ decision to move its headquarters to the Knapp’s building was the turning point.
“When they are willing
to move their family business back downtown, and make the investment
work, that made me believe we were going to get this done,” he said.
Taking the longer view,
Knibbe sees the Knapp’s project as another step in the ongoing reversal
of automobile-focused urban growth patterns. “The younger generation is
more interested in the diverse lifestyle you can have in an urban
setting,” she said. “And the buildings are just sitting there waiting.”
At Tuesday’s press
conference, Bernero said financial incentives only go so far. “Karl
[Dorshimer] gave you the cold hard numbers,” he said. “But this is a
labor of love and a leap of faith.”
For now, most of the
building’s equity is wrapped up in beauty and nostalgia, but these
quantities have real value. 73 years from now, it’s hard to imagine
anyone moving financial mountains to restore the Meridian Mall or
Eastwood Towne Center to its original form.
“We have gone through a period of great plenty, where throwaway buildings were acceptable,” Knibbe said.
“This pre-World-War-II stuff ’s built to last.”