:: MAY 26, 2004
at home for peace in the Middle East
By DANIEL STURM
Lansing resident Mike McCurdy said that during a peacekeeping mission
last summerhe lived in one of the multi-family dwellings in the Gaza
Strip that were destroyed earlier this month in Israel’s largest
offensive in decades.
“We need Congress to condemn Israel’s actions and demand
a withdrawal from the Westbank and the Gaza Strip, and we need to end
all U.S. military funding to Israel,” McCurdy said.
Daniel Sturm/City Pulse
(From left) Louis Brown and James Turner, staff members in U.S.
Sen. Carl Levin’s Lansing office, listen Friday to protesters
opposed to military aid to Israel. The protesters staged a sit-in
in the Michigan Democrat’s office in the Boji Tower in downtown
was one of 30 peace activists who rallied Friday in front of the Capitol
and then staged a sit-in in U.S. Sen. Carl Levin’s Lansing office
to protest the military action in Palestine.
“We are urging Senator Levin to call upon our government to make
Israel stop the assault,” said the Rev. Peter Dougherty, a Catholic
priest from Lansing who has served in the Middle East on eight international
James Turner, who manages the office, which is in the Boji Tower at
Capitol Avenue and Allegan Street, promised to call Washington and relay
the message to Levin.
The rally and sit-in, which was sponsored by several peace groups including
Concerned Citizens for Gaza, the Arab-American Discrimination Committee
and Congress of Arab Americans, drew residents from Kalamazoo, Perry
and Ann Arbor as well as Lansing.
The event was framed as a response to the Israeli offensive in Gaza
during which 43 Palestinians were killed, many of whom were schoolchildren.
More than 200 were injured and almost 2,000 were left homeless after
their homes were demolished. The weeklong offensive ended May 19, when
the human rights organization Amnesty International reported the killing
of eight more Palestinians, four of them children. Dozens of others
were reported injured by the Israeli Army during a demonstration in
the southern Gaza Strip town of Rafah, where McCurdy said he had lived.
Concerned about excessive methods and the violation of international
law, Amnesty International urged Israel’s government to promptly
carry out a thorough and independent investigation into the killings.
Army officials claimed that tanks shelled an empty building in order
to deter the demonstrators from proceeding toward the Israeli Army.
They also stated that Israeli helicopters fired a missile into a nearby
Demonstrators said that the United States should stop its military aid
to Israel and condemn the “unlawful” military actions committed
by the Israeli military.
Henry Herskovitz, the founder of Jewish Witnesses for Peace and Friends
in Ann Arbor, said that providing weapons to Israel subverted the meaning
of the word “aid.”
“Israel doesn’t need the money, other than to continue their
illegal occupation of Palestinians and their land,” said Herskowitz.
He commended Levin for criticizing the U.S. prisoner abuses in Iraq
but criticized him for making no mention of the “war crimes”
committed by Israel’s government.
“The attitude Levin has as a fellow Jew has thus far been counter-productive
to any peace efforts,” Herskowitz said. “It is against the
basic tendency of Judaism, which is to welcome a stranger and invite
Herskowitz said he believes Levin supports Israel’s military actions
because he is the largest recipient of donations from the American Israel
Public Affairs Committee, a pro-Israel lobby group on Capitol Hill,
second only to the National Rifle Association in its political influence.
As a result of the success of pro-Israeli lobby in Congress, one third
of U.S. foreign aid goes to Israel, according to Professor Steven Zunes,
chairman of peace and justice studies at the University of San Francisco.
Herskowitz asked fellow American Jews to look inside their hearts to
determine whether it was right to expel Palestinians and create an ethnically
unique, majority population. “Personally, I don’t want to
be that kind of a Jew.”
Dougherty, who directs the Michigan Peace Team in Lansing, said he felt
encouraged about the anti-war sentiment, referring to an opinion poll
showing that more than 50 percent of American Jews oppose the occupation
of Palestinian territory.
But Herskowitz said his experience in Ann Arbor tells him otherwise.
He said that every Saturday, Jewish Witnesses for Peace and Friends
holds a vigil in front of a conservative Synagogue in Ann Arbor, and
more than 80 percent of the congregation members showed hostile attitudes.
Herskowitz believes this pro-occupation attitude stems from a feeling
of fear. “I often use the analogy of myself being afraid of water,”
Herskowitz said. “When I go to the beach, I talk myself over it
by saying I’m a good swimmer. I think that’s what mainstream
Jews need to do, if they confront their fear.”
Kathie Kuhn, an organizer of People for Positive Social Change at Lansing
Community College, said Americans should consider protesting the corporations
that profit from Israel’s occupation. A few weeks ago, Kuhn joined
300 protesters at Caterpillar headquarters in Peoria, Ill., demanding
that the U.S. firm stop selling bulldozers to Israel. The bulldozers
are used for the demolition of homes in the Gaza Strip. Peace activist
Rachel Corrie from Olympia, Wash., was crushed by one of the bulldozers
last year as she stood between it and a Palestinian home in Rafah that
was slated for demolition. “Most corporations just think about
profits, not about ethics,” Kuhn said.
Michigan State University law student Christian Kurpiel said he felt
strongly about making peace in the crisis region. He plans to join a
delegation of the Michigan Peace Team in Rafah. They walk Palestinians
through checkpoints. Also, their presence as international citizens
in Palestinian homes seems to deter Israeli forces from demolishing
Kurpiel said he wishes the U.S. government would push for a two-state
solution. He believes that a “political” peace process would
be more effective if coupled with a “human” peace process.
When asked whether he were afraid of being forced to take sides in an
escalated conflict, Kurpiel said no: “I see this as an issue of
human rights: To be able to live in a home, to walk out at night, and
to feed a family. All too often this is not possible for the residents
in the West Bank and in Gaza.”
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