March 29 2010 12:00 AM

MSU conference seeks to dispel myth surrounding Muslims’ connection to violence, terrorism



    There’s no
    question Muslims deal with a fair amount of stigma in the United States.
    Negative images in the media, combined with the instilled fear of terrorism,
    have left Americans wondering whom they can direct their anger and panic at. In
    many cases, the answer has been the nation’s own Muslim American communities.


    But Farha
    Abbasi, a resident in Michigan State University’s department of psychiatry, is
    aiming to change that.


    Abbasi and her
    team will be hosting “Why It Matters: Addressing the Myths and Realities of the
    Relationship Among Mental Health, Violence and Muslims” at 8:30 a.m. Saturday, April 3 in
    the MSU Union Ballroom.


    The conference
    will feature a number of speakers addressing hot topics around terrorism and
    mental health as they relate to the Muslim community. Dr. Amin A. Muhammad
    Gadit, M.D., will cover "Terrorism and Mental Health," while the army’s first
    Muslim Chaplain, Abdul-Rasheed Mhammad, will share "Lessons from Fort Hood." Other speakers will address issues of discrimination and mental health, the
    role of Islam in preventing violence, refugee health and the impact of negative
    media images.


    It’s Abbasi’s
    hope that the lectures will stimulate dialogue and raise awareness.


    “It's so
    important to have this communication and sit down and have a dialogue,” she
    said. “This is not just about Muslims and that's what I’m trying to promote
    with this conference. I personally call it a war of ignorance, which can only
    be won through awareness. The hope is that we keep using (this conference) as a
    communication tool; as an ongoing dialogue.”


    Part of that
    discussion will focus on dispelling the myths surrounding homegrown terrorism
    in Muslim American communities. David Schanzer, co-director of the Institute
    for Homeland Security Solutions at Duke University, will serve as the
    conference’s keynote speaker, drawing from a study he co-authored on
    Anti-Terror Lessons of American Muslims.


    “I think the
    core research question (of the study) was ‘Why don't we see as much
    radicalization and violent behavior among Muslim Americans as we do in other
    Muslim places in the world?’” Schanzer explained. “We wanted to look at the
    internal community factors and how Muslim American communities and individuals
    were responding to this threat of radicalization … and seeing if we could
    identify factors that were helping them to resist this ideology.”


    What Schanzer
    and his colleagues found was that many Muslim American communities —
    unbeknownst to the general public — exercise self-policing and speak out within
    their populations against terrorism or radicalization.


    Moreover, the
    study shows that many Muslim Americans feel personally responsibly for acts of
    terrorism committed by those in their community.


    It’s a sentiment
    Abbasi knows all too well, and says accounts for much of the overlooked mental
    health issues afflicting Muslim Americans. “We are, in subtle ways, really
    carrying the burden,” she said. “My coworker told me somebody rear-ended him on
    the way to work and the first thing that came out of my mouth was, 'Oh, please
    tell me it was not a Muslim who did it.' I thought, 'Where did this joke come
    from?' and I realized how much pressure we carry.”


    Abbasi further
    explained that Muslim patients often suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder
    or other mental health issues; however, suicide rates are very low. “And of
    course the inevitable question is: Then why do you have suicide bombers?” she
    said. “So I realized that unless I talk about the elephant in the room, we can
    never go beyond that and have meaningful communication.”


    However,
    Schanzer stressed that conversations on the issues of terrorism and violence
    can never be productive unless the facts are set straight — something he hopes
    to accomplish with dissemination of his study. “We hope that discussions about
    these issues are based on some sort of sense of the facts and a recognition of
    what the true scope of the problem is so we can address these issues in a
    rational, sensible and fair fashion.”


    For Abbasi, that
    means facing stereotypes and negative images of Muslims head-on. "I
    thought the best way to deal with it was to deal with all the 'buzz words' or
    any derogatory comment ever affiliated with the community,” she explained.
    “And, of course, the first thing is what I have been talking about is that
    maybe all the terrorists on 9/11 were Muslim, but that does not mean that all
    the Muslims are terrorists."


    Acknowledging
    that truth, she contends, is the first step for Americans to surpass tolerance
    and grow to accept Muslims as part of the county’s history, culture and — most
    importantly — future. “There will always be people coming from different
    cultures and different countries, bringing their issues here,” she admitted.
    “But once you accept them as an individual, you can go beyond those
    differences, find the common things and have a bond of respect.”


    "Why it Matters"


    8:30 a.m.-4 p.m. Saturday, April 3


    MSU Union
    Ballroom


    $10 MSU
    students, $25 general public, free for Statewide Campus System residents,
    psychiatry residents, College of Osteopathic Medicine students, MSU psychiatry
    faculty, Muslim Studies Program faculty, SCS faculty and MSUCOM faculty and
    staff